A conveyor belt may be the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system (frequently shortened to belt conveyor). A belt conveyor system is one of many types of conveyor systems A belt conveyor program consists of several pulleys (sometimes referred to as drums), with an limitless loop of carrying medium-the conveyor belt-that rotates about them. One or both of the pulleys are driven, moving the belt and the materials on the belt forward. The run pulley is called the drive pulley while the unpowered pulley is called the idler pulley. There are two main industrial classes of belt conveyors; Those generally material handling such as those moving boxes along in the factory and bulk materials handling such as for example those used to transport large volumes of assets and agricultural materials, such as for example grain ,salt , coal ,ore ,sand , overburden and more.
Conveyors are durable and reliable components used in automated distribution and warehousing, and also manufacturing and production services. In mixture with computer-controlled pallet handling equipment this allows for more efficient retail >, wholesale and production distribution . It is considered a labor saving system which allows large volumes to move rapidly through a process, allowing companies to deliver or get higher volumes with smaller sized space for storage and with much less labor expense
Belt conveyors will be the most commonly used powered conveyors because they are the most versatile and the least expensive. Products are conveyed directly on the belt so both regular and irregular shaped objects, large or little, light and heavy, could be transported effectively. Belt conveyors are also produced with curved sections which use tapered rollers and curved belting to convey products around a corner. These conveyor systems are generally found in postal sorting offices and airport baggage managing systems
Belt conveyors are usually fairly similar in building comprising a metal body with rollers at either end of a flat metallic bed. Rubber conveyor belts are generally used to convey items with irregular bottom surfaces, small items which would fall in between rollers (e.g. a sushi conveyor baror luggage of product that would sag between rollers. The belt can be looped around each of the rollers and when one of the rollers is driven (by an electrical electric motor the belting slides over the solid metal body bed, moving the merchandise. In heavy use applications the beds that your belting is pulled over are replaced with rollers. The rollers enable weight to be conveyed because they reduce the quantity of friction generated from the heavier loading on the belting. The exception to the typical belt conveyor construction is the Sandwich Belt conveyor. The Sandwich Belt conveyor uses two conveyor belts, rather than one. Both of these conventional conveyor belts are positioned face to face, to firmly support the items being carried in a “sandwich-like” hold.
Belt conveyors can be used to transport product in a straight line or through adjustments in elevation or path. For conveying Bulk Components like Grains, Ore, Coal, Sand etc., over soft slopes or gentle curvatures, a troughed belt conveyor is used. The trough of the belt means that the flowable materials is contained within the edges of the belt. The trough can be attained by keeping the idler rollers within an angle to the horizontal at the sides of the idler body. A Pipe Conveyor is used for materials travel paths that require sharper bends and inclines up to 35 degrees. A pipe conveyor features the edges of the belt becoming rolled together to form a circular section like a pipe. Such as a Troughed Belt Conveyor, a Pipe Conveyor also uses idler rollers. However, in cases like this the idler frame completely surrounds the conveyor belt assisting it to wthhold the pipe section, while pushing it forward. In the case of travel paths needing high angles and snake-like curvatures, a Sandwich Belt is used. The sandwich belt style enables materials carried to visit along a path of high inclines up to 90 degree angles. enabling a vertical path as opposed to a horizontal one. This transport option is also powered by idlers.
Other important elements of the Belt Conveying System apart from the Pulleys and Idler rollers are the Drive Arrangement of reducer Gear Boxes, Drive motors and associated couplings. Scrapers to completely clean the belt, Chutes for controlling the discharge path, Skirts for containing the discharge on the getting belt, Take Up assembly for “tensioning” the belt and Technological Structures like Stringer, Short Post, Drive Frames, Pulley Frames make up the balance items to total the Belt Conveying program. Using applications Belt Conveyors can also be used for static accumulation or cartons.
Gravity Conveyor
Non-powered, gravity conveyors are one of the most economical materials managing solutions. Loads are conveyed on rollers or skatewheels which are mounted in frames. Typically gravity conveyors are sloped in elevation to allow products to flow freely, taking advantage of the Earth’s gravity. Therefore the label – gravity conveyor.
Gravity conveyors enable you to move boxes, cartons and totes with company, rigid bottoms. Roller or skatewheel sizes as well as spacing will vary. A good rule of thumb is that a minimum of three rollers must be under the container, carton or tote all the time.
What are Common Gravity Conveyor Applications?
Gravity roller conveyors are a very inexpensive and versatile kind of conveyance and have many applications. They are the most common form of conveyor in the globe. Applications for gravity conveyor include: Transportation of products
· Loading and unloading of trucks
· Conveyance within picking areas
· Assembly or kitting areas
· Installation to carts, scales or additional industrial machinery
· Loading and unloading of production equipment
Heavy-duty roller conveyor is designed and constructed to mention heavy loads, such as pallets, castings, etc. in steel industries and various other manufacturing operations which require heavy-duty conveying products. Roller may be set high or low in conveyor frame based on applications.
Gauge Gravity Roller Conveyor
Durable gravity roller conveyor is utilized to mention packages on long lasting or temporary lines in warehousing activities, shipping section, assembly areas, etc.